Blatantly Racist Courts
MALCOLM X: BY ANY MEANS NECESSARY
Text with video:
"Recently when I was blessed to make a religious pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca where I met many people from all over the world, plus spent many weeks in Africa trying to broaden my own scope and get more of an open mind to look at the problem as it actually is, one of the things that I realized, and I realized this even before going over there, was that our African brothers have gained their independence faster than you and I here in America have. They've also gained recognition and respect as human beings much faster than you and I. Just ten years ago on the African continent, our people were colonized. They were suffering all forms of colonization, oppression, exploitation, degradation, humiliation, discrimination, and every other kind of -ation. And in a short time, they have gained more independence, more recognition, more respect as human beings than you and I have. And you and I live in a country which is supposed to be the citadel of education, freedom, justice, democracy, and all of those other pretty-sounding words. So it was our intention to try and find out what it was our African brothers were doing to get results, so that you and I could study what they had done and perhaps gain from that study or benefit from their experiences." Malcolm X makes it plain that he is opposed to the philosophy of Martin Luther King.
Secret recording of the FBI by Malcolm X (Feb. 4, 1964)
Text with video:
The FBI visits Malcolm X in 1964. Malcolm knew that they were coming so he hid a tape recorder under his couch. The agents identify themselves as Beckwith and Fulton from the New York office of the FBI. A transcript of the meeting can by found in John Henrik Clarke's "Malcolm X: The Man and His Times".
Aware that he was being forced out of the NOI, the FBI moved in, trying to get information from Malcolm about the NOI and its membership. Although not the best sound quality, you can clearly hear them offering Malcolm X money and offering to eliminate people for him. He declines the offer.
More details here: http://www.wonderwheel.net/work/foia/...
MALCOLM X: How the FBI and the NYPD Infiltrated Malcolm X's Organization
Text with video:
Gene Roberts, one of Malcolm's chiefs of security, was an NYPD undercover cop. Roberts was an agent with NYPDs Bureau of Special Services (BOSS), a super-secret political intelligence unit nicknamed the Red Squad. Roberts was on the scene as Malcolm was assassinated and supposedly tried to resuscitate him after hed been shot. Roberts later went on to infiltrate and disrupt the Black Panther Party.
Two of the three men convicted of killing Malcolm X, Norman Butler and Robert 15X Johnson, were almost certainly NOT at the scene of the crime. The evidence points to a confluence of three groups involved in Malcolm Xs assassination: institutional forces (NYPD, FBI, CIA, etc.), The Nation of Islam, and elements within Malcolms own circle after his split with NOI. There is definitely overlap between these groups, as evidence suggests that elements of one group could have been working as agents of another.
Within days of the assassination, questions were raised about who bore ultimate responsibility. On February 23, James Farmer, the leader of the Congress of Racial Equality, announced at a news conference that local drug dealers, and not the Black Muslims, were to blame. Others accused the New York Police Department, the FBI, or the CIA, citing the lack of police protection and the ease with which the assassins had entered the Audubon Ballroom.
In the 1970s, the public learned about COINTELPRO and other secret FBI programs directed towards infiltrating and disrupting civil rights organizations during the 1950s and 1960s. John Ali, national secretary of the Nation of Islam, was identified as an FBI undercover agent. Malcolm X had confided in a reporter that Ali had exacerbated tensions between him and Elijah Muhammad. He considered Ali his "archenemy" within the Nation of Islam leadership. On February 20, 1965, the night before the assassination, Ali met with Talmadge Hayer, one of the men convicted of killing Malcolm X.
Excerpt from [this webpage]:
COINTELPRO's impact is difficult to fully assess since we do not know the entire scope of what was done (especially against such pivotal targets as Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, SNCC and SDS),and we have no generally accepted analysis of the Sixties. It is clear,however, that:
-COINTELPRO distorted the public's view of radical groups in a way that helped to isolate them and to legitimize open political repression.
-It reinforced and exacerbated the weaknesses of these groups, making it very difficult for the inexperienced activists of the Sixties to learn from their mistakes and build solid, durable organizations.
-Its violent assaults and covert manipulation eventually helped to push some of the most committed and experienced groups to withdraw from grass-roots organizing and to substitute armed actions which isolated them and deprived the movement of much of its leadership.
-COINTELPRO often convinced its victims to blame themselves and each other for the problems it created, leaving a legacy of cynicism and despair that persists today.
-By operating covertly, the FBI and police were able to severely weaken domestic political opposition without shaking the conviction of most US people that they live in a democracy, with free speech and the rule of law.
* * * *
* * * *